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What Are Common Valves in the Chemical Production Process?

What Are Common Valves in the Chemical Production Process?

Chemical production is the conversion of raw materials into valuable products through chemical processes. Encompassing a wide range from laboratory to industrial scales, including petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, and plastics, engineers optimize reactions, processes, and conditions for efficient, sustainable output.

In chemical production, variations in medium type, temperature, and pressure occur due to diverse process flows. Involving liquids, gases, solids, and special chemicals, valve selection and design face rigorous demands.

Medium Variations in Pipelines

Liquid Medium

  • Types: Solutions, reaction products, raw materials, solvents, etc.
  • Temperature Range: Typically between 0 to 200 degrees Celsius, depending on the process.
  • Pressure Range: Generally between atmospheric pressure and several megapascals.


Gas Medium

  • Types: Reaction gases, inert gases, production exhaust gases, etc.
  • Temperature Range: Usually between -50 to 200 degrees Celsius, but possibly higher.
  • Pressure Range: Typically between atmospheric pressure and several megapascals.


Steam Medium

  • Types: Saturated steam, superheated steam.
  • Temperature Range: Saturated steam temperature depends on working pressure, ranging from room temperature to several hundred degrees Celsius.
  • Pressure Range: Generally between hundreds of pascals to tens of megapascals.


Solid Medium

  • Types: Suspended particles, crystals, etc.
  • Temperature Range: Depends on the nature of the solid, ranging from room temperature to high temperatures.
  • Pressure Range: Generally between atmospheric pressure and several megapascals.


Special Medium

  • Types: Special chemicals, highly toxic substances, highly corrosive materials, etc.
  • Temperature Range: High or low temperatures depending on specific process requirements.
  • Pressure Range: May require high or low-pressure conditions.

Common Process

Distillation Process

  • Medium Types: Various hydrocarbons, oils, solvents, etc.
  • Temperature and Pressure: Significant variations from high and hot at the top of the distillation column to low and cool at the bottom.
  • Valve Application: High-temperature and pressure-resistant materials, such as alloy steel or stainless steel, are needed for valves in high-temperature, high-pressure areas.


Reactor Systems

  • Medium Types: Chemical reactions involving acids, bases, gases, etc.
  • Temperature and Pressure: Reactor temperatures and pressures can vary dramatically during reactions.
  • Valve Application: For corrosive mediums, corrosion-resistant materials like high-alloy alloys are necessary, while valves in high-temperature, high-pressure scenarios must provide excellent sealing and high-temperature resistance.


Conveying Process

  • Medium Types: Liquid, gas, suspended particles, etc.
  • Temperature and Pressure: Changes depend on the transported substance.
  • Valve Application: Fluid control and shut-off functionality for liquid conveyance, good gas tightness for gas transport.


Cooling Process

  • Medium Types: Coolants such as water, air, or other refrigerants.
  • Temperature and Pressure: Medium temperatures gradually decrease during the cooling process.
  • Valve Application: Valves capable of operating in low-temperature environments, ensuring sealing and stability during coolant circulation.


Separation Process

  • Medium Types: Liquid-gas separation processes, e.g., dehydration, desulfurization.
  • Temperature and Pressure: Variations depend on the separation operation.
  • Valve Application: Valves with excellent shut-off performance and adaptability to different pressure environments.


In summary, understanding the characteristics of pipeline media, temperature, and pressure variations in different process flows is crucial for selecting suitable valves in chemical production. Proper valve selection ensures system safety, enhances production efficiency, reduces energy consumption, and extends valve lifespan.

Commonly Used Valves

In the chemical production process, valves are indispensable devices for controlling the flow, pressure, and temperature of fluids. Different types of valves serve various purposes in the chemical industry. Here are several commonly used valves, their applications, and advantages, taking into account medium characteristics and common operating conditions in chemical plants:

globe valve and ball valve

The globe valve is a widely used industrial valve with diverse applications in chemical production. It regulates and cuts off fluid flow in pipelines, serving the following key purposes and functions:

  • Fluid cutoff and regulation: Mainly used to cut off fluid flow, preventing medium passage through pipes, ensuring the seal of pipeline systems. In chemical production, precise fluid regulation is often necessary, and globe valves achieve accurate control by opening or closing the valve to ensure precise fluid flow during the production process.
  • Fluid flow direction control: Globe valves can control the direction of fluid flow. In chemical production, some processes require control over the direction of fluid flow to ensure smooth chemical reactions or avoid unnecessary mixing. The design of globe valves allows effective control of fluid flow direction to meet process requirements.
  • Applications in high-temperature, high-pressure environments: Chemical production often involves high-temperature and high-pressure conditions, and globe valves, due to their robust and durable structure, can operate stably in such environments. This makes globe valves crucial for handling high-temperature, high-pressure fluids, ensuring system safety and stability.
  • Sealing performance: In chemical production, strict control and leakage prevention of fluids are essential. Globe valves have excellent sealing performance, effectively preventing medium leakage and ensuring environmental safety and normal operation of industrial production equipment.
  • Maintenance and repair: Globe valves have a relatively simple structure, making maintenance and repair convenient. This is particularly important in chemical production, where equipment is prone to corrosion and wear in high-pressure, high-temperature environments, requiring regular inspection and component replacement. The design of globe valves facilitates easy maintenance, reducing downtime and improving production efficiency.
  • Multiple material choices: Depending on the nature of the medium and process requirements, globe valves can be made from various materials, including stainless steel, copper alloys, and plastics. This diverse material selection ensures the versatility of globe valves, making them suitable for different chemical environments and widely applicable in various chemical production fields.

In summary, globe valves have a wide range of applications in chemical production, covering fluid control, flow direction control, applications in high-temperature, high-pressure environments, sealing performance, maintenance and repair, and material selection. Their reliable performance and stable operation make them an indispensable component in the chemical production process

The ball valve is a common fluid control device using a ball as the closing element, controlled by rotation to manage fluid flow. It possesses several advantages, making it extensively used in the chemical industry. Here are the main applications and advantages of ball valves in chemical production:

  • Fluid regulation and cutoff: Due to the design features of ball valves, their opening and closing processes are relatively quick, allowing rapid response to fluid needs, suitable for situations requiring frequent operation. In chemical production, where fluid media vary, ball valves can flexibly adapt to different operating conditions, ensuring the stable operation of production systems.
  • Superior sealing performance: Ball valves use metal sealing between the ball and the valve seat, ensuring highly reliable sealing performance. This is crucial for harsh conditions in chemical production, such as high pressure, high temperature, and corrosive media. Excellent sealing performance ensures no fluid leakage, guaranteeing the safety of the production process and preventing harm to the environment and personnel.
  • Minimal fluid resistance: The simple structure of ball valves results in relatively low fluid resistance when fluids pass through. This contributes to improved fluid flow efficiency, crucial for maintaining system stability and efficiency in chemical production. The low-resistance design of ball valves helps reduce energy consumption, enhancing production efficiency.
  • Excellent corrosion resistance: In chemical production, fluid media often contain various corrosive substances. Ball valves are constructed using materials with strong corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel and alloys, effectively resisting corrosion, extending their service life, and reducing maintenance costs.


In conclusion, ball valves find extensive use in chemical production due to their wide range of applications and superior characteristics. Their outstanding features allow them to showcase unique advantages in various operating conditions, ensuring the smooth operation of chemical production systems, improving production efficiency, and ensuring safety and environmental protection.

butterfly valve and safety valve

Butterfly valves, common fluid control devices, regulate large volumes of chemical media in various industrial applications. Rotating a disc controls fluid flow, offering simplicity, portability, rapid adjustment, and a compact structure. Widely used in chemical production for processes like pipeline transport, tank outlets, cooling water systems, and wastewater treatment. Key applications and advantages include:

  • Fluid Control: Crucial for precise control of fluid velocity, pressure, and temperature.
  • Fluid Isolation: Quickly closes to prevent fluid leaks during emergencies, maintenance, or repairs.
  • Energy Efficiency: Fast response aids in energy conservation, enhancing production efficiency.
  • Corrosion Resistance: Often crafted from corrosion-resistant materials like stainless steel and alloys for prolonged stability in corrosive environments.
  • Low Flow Resistance: Minimal fluid resistance in fully open state improves overall system efficiency.
  • Automation Control: Integrates with automated systems for remote monitoring and control, optimizing chemical production processes.


In summary, butterfly valves play a diverse and indispensable role in chemical production, offering superior performance in fluid control, ensuring production efficiency, safety, and environmental sustainability.

Safety Valve

Safety valves are crucial in safeguarding equipment and systems from the hazards of overpressure in chemical production. Key applications and functions include:

  • Overpressure Protection: Prevents damage to equipment and systems from excessive pressure.
  • Equipment Protection: Ensures equipment withstands extreme conditions, extending its lifespan.
  • Environmental Protection: Prevents harmful substance leaks during pressure spikes, vital for pollution prevention, environmental protection, and worker safety.
  • Production Efficiency: Maintains system stability, preventing shutdowns or equipment damage due to high pressure.


In conclusion, safety valves are indispensable in chemical production, playing a vital role in ensuring safety, stability, and sustainability. Ongoing improvements in design, installation, and maintenance enhance overall safety and reliability in the challenging and demanding environments of chemical production.

control valve and check valve

Control valves play a crucial role in chemical production, involving fluid control, pressure regulation, and system stability. The applications and functions of control valves in chemical production are as follows:

  • Fluid control: controlvalves are primarily used to control the flow of fluids (liquid or gas) in pipelines, ensuring precise control of fluid flow to meet strict requirements in various chemical processes.
  • Pressure regulation: In chemical processes, maintaining stable fluid pressure within a certain range is essential. controlvalves effectively control pipeline pressure by adjusting the valve opening, ensuring the required pressure levels during production.
  • Temperature control: controlvalves help maintain specific temperature ranges in chemical reactions, ensuring efficient reactions by controlling fluid flow and adjusting the system’s heat balance.
  • Material selection and adaptability: Given the corrosive nature of substances in chemical production, the material selection of controlvalves is crucial, using corrosion-resistant, high-temperature-resistant, and wear-resistant materials for prolonged lifespan in harsh environments.
  • System stability: controlvalves contribute to system stability by maintaining smooth fluid flow, preventing issues arising from too fast or too slow fluid movement, ensuring overall balance in the system.
  • Energy consumption control: Proper use of controlvalves helps control system energy consumption by optimizing fluid flow, reducing energy consumption, and improving production efficiency.
  • Safety assurance: In chemical production, safety is paramount. controlvalves ensure safe operation by real-time adjustments of fluid flow and pressure, preventing accidents such as pipeline explosions or pressure loss.


In summary, control valves have a wide range of applications in chemical production, playing an irreplaceable role in precise fluid control, pressure regulation, and system stability to ensure safety, efficiency, and product quality. Proper selection and adjustment of control valves contribute to overall efficiency in chemical production.

Check valves are common pipeline valves in chemical production, primarily preventing medium backflow to ensure unidirectional fluid flow. In chemical production, they serve the following main purposes:

  • Backflow prevention: The primary function of check valves is to prevent medium backflow in pipelines, crucial for various chemical processes. Backflow can lead to mixing, contamination, equipment damage, or severe impacts on the entire production process. Check valves effectively prevent such backflow occurrences.
  • Equipment and system protection: Chemical production involves various sensitive equipment, some of which are sensitive to backflow, leading to equipment damage or abnormal operation. Check valves protect these devices, ensuring normal operation conditions, prolonging equipment lifespan, and enhancing system reliability and stability.
  • Avoiding mixing and cross-contamination: In chemical production, different mediums may have different properties and compositions. Check valves prevent mixing, ensuring each medium flows in the pipeline according to the intended direction, avoiding adverse reactions or cross-contamination.
  • Energy savings: Backflow can lead to system pressure reduction, requiring more energy to maintain normal operation. Using check valves effectively reduces the impact of backflow on the system, improving operational efficiency, reducing energy consumption, and achieving energy savings.
  • Convenient maintenance and repair: Check valves are typically designed with simplicity and compact structure, making maintenance and repair relatively convenient. This is crucial for equipment and pipeline maintenance in chemical production, minimizing downtime and enhancing production efficiency.


In conclusion, the applications and functions of check valves in chemical production mainly focus on preventing backflow, protecting equipment and systems, avoiding mixing and contamination, saving energy, and facilitating maintenance and repair. Properly setting and using check valves ensure the normal, stable, and efficient operation of chemical production processes.

diaphragm valve and electric valve

Diaphragm valves are crucial in controlling corrosive or high-purity fluids in chemical production, suitable for sanitary and chemical engineering. Their unique design ensures indispensable functionality in various processes:

  • Fluid control: Diaphragm valves effectively manage diverse chemical substances, ensuring precise fluid flow direction and rate, vital for process stability, control, and safety.
  • Leak prevention: Designed to resist leaks, diaphragm valves, with features like diaphragm seals, effectively ensure safety in handling high-pressure and corrosive media.
  • Temperature regulation: Diaphragm valves enable precise temperature adjustment, vital for achieving expected reactions in chemical production.
  • Handling high-viscosity media: With their special design, diaphragm valves effortlessly manage high-viscosity media, ensuring stable fluid flow in pipelines.
  • Easy maintenance: The simple structure of diaphragm valves facilitates easy disassembly and maintenance, enhancing equipment reliability and uptime in chemical production.

Electric Valve

Widely used in chemical production, electric valves act as automatic control devices, remotely adjusting and controlling chemical media through electric actuators:

  • Fluid control: Electric valves regulate fluid flow precisely, enhancing product quality and production efficiency in chemical processes.
  • Process optimization: Connected to automation systems, electric valves offer remote and scheduled control, ensuring intelligent and efficient chemical production by reducing human errors.
  • Safety assurance: Electric valves respond quickly and precisely to emergencies, automatically shutting off fluid paths to prevent accidents and enhance on-site safety.
  • Energy efficiency and environmental protection: By precisely controlling fluid flow, electric valves minimize energy waste, improving production efficiency and meeting modern environmental standards.


In summary, diaphragm and electric valves play diverse and crucial roles in chemical production, from fluid control to safety assurance and environmental impact reduction. Their high automation and intelligence make them indispensable in enhancing production efficiency, ensuring safety, and promoting sustainable development in the chemical industry.


In chemical production, the temperature and pressure of media within pipelines vary based on specific processes. Therefore, process engineers design and operate pipeline systems according to chemical processes and production needs, ensuring safe and efficient production. The valve types mentioned consider the characteristics of chemical media, such as corrosiveness, high temperature, and pressure, meeting the diverse fluid control requirements in chemical production. Selecting appropriate valve types based on specific process requirements and fluid properties helps improve system efficiency and safety.

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